Like humans, dogs get sick too. If you want to adopt a dog or you already have dogs in your home, it is important to know the leading illnesses. After all, preventive measures start by knowing what these disorders are. Additionally, your dogs have to make a visit to its vet regularly. Usually you can take your dogs to vet every 6 months. Below are the top 5 diseases that dogs suffer these days.
This can be fatal to animals and human alike especially when symptoms start to show. However, this can be prevented through annual rabies vaccination. In fact, because of its mortality rate, such vaccination is mandated by state and local laws.
How to Prevent Rabies
Dogs are not the only animals who could be infected with rabies, but also lots of warm-blooded animals can be infected too, such as cats and ferrets. The most effective way to prevent rabies is keeping your pets indoors if possible. You have to visit your vet regularly and vaccinate your dogs against rabies.
This is caused by bacterial infection and can infect even humans. It can be found in contaminated stool, urine and reproductive fluids especially among rats. It enters through any break on one’s skin and poses risk during heavy rains when contaminants get to areas where your dogs are. You know your dog has this illness when it suffers from lethargy, low grade fever, kidney inflammation, reddened conjunctiva, reddened mucous membrane and blood clotting disorders. Treatment can be made through antibiotics.
How to Prevent Leptospirosis
To prevent leptospirosis from dogs, you need to keep the house clean, get rid of the rats in house because they can carry and spread the bacteria which causes leptospirosis. If your dogs get infected with this disease unfortunately, please take them to your veterinarian for some medical treatment. When you are cleaning your pets waste such as urine, remember to wear gloves and boots.
This is the most fatal disease in dogs since it poses threat to many dogs worldwide. In fact, the virus causing this illness is considered to be most threatening by the American Veterinary Medical Association. It can be prevented though through regular vaccination.
How to Prevent Distemper
Please make sure your dogs are vaccinated to against distemper, it is the most efficient way to protect your dogs. For humans, we don’t need to worry about it too much because human will not get infected with the canine distemper virus.
This respiratory illness can be found among kennels as well as shelters. Anyone who has this illness will experience inflammation of larynx, trachea and bronchial tubes. Hacking cough is also eminent. However, this can be prevented if your dog is vaccinated against this illness every 6 months.
How to Prevent Kennel Cough
Kennel cough can spread in the air. It is so contagious that your dogs might catch it in enclosed areas such as animal shelter, training class or dog grooming shop. Therefore, keeping your dogs staying in unenclosed areas with good air circulation.
This is very contagious and can lead to death in 2-3 days after exposure. The dog will experience diarrhea, depression, loss of appetite and vomiting if one has this illness. But this can be prevented as well through proper vaccination.
How to Prevent Parvovirus
The most important thing is making sure your dogs are vaccinated. It is better to keep your puppies indoor. Even when your dogs or puppies are outside, keep your dogs direct contact with other dogs as less as possible.